the clouds are above
but i am below.
how the fuck do i get up there.
Absolutely. These books contain different degrees of dystopia, and span from early 20th century to present day. The nightmares multiply greatly after the mid-1980s for reasons I won’t get into here (neoliberalism); and we seem to have hit saturation point. There’s a definite shift from novels about fascism & communism toward the spectres of consumerism, genetic engineering, media addiction, and environmental disaster.
There is something at work in my soul, which I do not understand.
Frankenstein by Mary Shelley
Literature Meme — Five Poets — Robert Frost (2/5)
Like the nineteenth-century Romantics, [Frost] maintained that a poem is “never a put-up job…. It begins as a lump in the throat, a sense of wrong, a homesickness, a loneliness. It is never a thought to begin with. It is at its best when it is a tantalizing vagueness.” Yet, “working out his own version of the ‘impersonal’ view of art,” as Hyatt H. Waggoner observed, Frost also upheld T. S. Eliot’s idea that the man who suffers and the artist who creates are totally separate. [x]
vintage paperbacks | paul lehr
Fake book covers, celebrating 19th century women writers.
LITERATURE MEME | 4 tropes/archetypes - (1) deus ex machina
“God from the machine” in Latin, deus ex machina is a plot device that involves an unsolved problem in a story being miraculously resolved by the introduction of some new character or event. It can be used to easily bring about a happy ending, or as a comedic device. It was invented in the writing and staging of ancient Greek plays, where the events and conflicts became so complicated, that to put an end to the play a literal “god figure” would be lowered onto the stage to sort out and resolve the conflicts.
There are numerous examples of deus ex machina endings in literature. For example Moliere’s play Tartuffe, H.G. Wells’ War of the Worlds, Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings trilogy, Golding’s Lord of the Flies, and Nabokov’s Lolita.
mythology meme ─ [2/10] books based on mythology
Le Morte d’Arthur (originally spelled Le Morte Darthur, Middle French for “the death of Arthur”) is a compilation by Sir Thomas Malory of Romance tales about the legendary King Arthur, Guinevere, Lancelot, and the Knights of the Round Table. The book interprets existing French and English stories about these figures, with some of Malory’s own original material. First published in 1485 by William Caxton, Le Morte d’Arthur is perhaps the best-known work of English-language Arthurian literature today. Many modern Arthurian writers have used Malory as their principal source, including T. H. White for his popular The Once and Future King and Tennyson for The Idylls of the King.
literature meme | genres 2/3 - Dystopian Novel
A dystopia is a community or society, usually fictional, that is in some important way undesirable or frightening. It is the opposite of a utopia. Such societies appear in many works of fiction, particularly in stories set in a speculative future. Dystopias are often characterized by dehumanization,totalitarian governments, environmental disaster, or other characteristics associated with a cataclysmic decline in society. Elements of dystopias may vary from environmental to political and social issues. Dystopian societies have culminated in a broad series of sub-genres of fiction and are often used to raise real-world issues regarding society, environment, politics, religion, psychology, spirituality, or technology that may become present in the future. For this reason, dystopias have taken the form of a multitude of speculations, such as pollution, poverty, societal collapse, political repression, or totalitarianism. — Wikipedia “Dystopia”
- Nineteen Eighty-Four
- Brave New World
- Fahrenheit 451
- The Hunger Games
- The Time Machine
literature meme: movements [2/2]
The “Lost Generation” was the generation that came of age during World War I. The term was popularized by Ernest Hemingway, who used it as one of two contrasting epigraphs for his novel, The Sun Also Rises. In that volume Hemingway credits the phrase to Gertrude Stein, who was then his mentor and patron.
In A Moveable Feast, which was published after both Hemingway and Stein were dead and after a literary feud that lasted much of their life, Hemingway reveals that the phrase was actually originated by the garage owner who serviced Stein’s car. When a young mechanic failed to repair the car in a way satisfactory to Stein, the garage owner shouted at the boy, “You are all a “génération perdue.” Stein, in telling Hemingway the story, added, “That is what you are. That’s what you all are … all of you young people who served in the war. You are a lost generation.” This generation included distinguished artists such as F. Scott Fitzgerald, T. S. Eliot, John Dos Passos, Waldo Peirce, Isadora Duncan, Abraham Walkowitz, Alan Seeger, and Erich Maria Remarque.
Literature Meme | 1/1 Epic: Paradise Lost
What matter where, if I be still the same,
And what I should be, all but less than he
Whom Thunder hath made greater? Here at least
We shall be free; th’ Almighty hath not built
Here for his envy, will not drive us hence:
Here we may reign secure, and in my choyce
To reign is worth ambition though in Hell:
Better to reign in Hell, than serve in Heav’n.
Sylvia Plath, The Bell Jar