slam dunk me into the nearest trash can

dysfunctional and dangerous

history meme - eight kings/queens (1/8)

Louis XIV (5 September 1638 – 1 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (le Roi-Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest of monarchs of major countries in European history. Louis began his personal rule of France in 1661 after the death of his chief minister, the Italian Cardinal Mazarin.An adherent of the theory of the divine right of kings, which advocates the divine origin of monarchical rule, Louis continued his predecessors’ work of creating a centralized state governed from the capital. He sought to eliminate the remnants of feudalism persisting in parts of France and, by compelling many members of the nobility to inhabit his lavish Palace of Versailles, succeeded in pacifying the aristocracy, many members of which had participated in the Fronde rebellion during Louis’s minority. By these means he became one of the most powerful French monarchs and consolidated a system of absolute monarchical rule in France that endured until the French Revolution. During Louis’s reign, France was the leading European power and it fought three major wars: the Franco-Dutch War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the Spanish Succession. There were also two lesser conflicts: the War of Devolution and the War of the Reunions. Louis encouraged and benefited from the work of prominent political, military and cultural figures such as Mazarin, Colbert, the Grand Condé, Turenne and Vauban, as well as Molière, Racine, Boileau,La Fontaine, Lully, Marais, Le Brun, Rigaud, Bossuet, Le Vau, Mansart, Charles and Claude Perrault, and Le Nôtre. Upon his death just days before his seventy-seventh birthday, Louis was succeeded by his five-year-old great-grandson, Louis XV. All of his intermediate heirs predeceased him: his son Louis, le Grand Dauphin; the Dauphin’s eldest son Louis, Duke of Burgundy; and Burgundy’s eldest son Louis, Duke of Brittany (the elder brother of Louis XV).

353 notes

  1. angedelmusique reblogged this from wildlinging
  2. et-reliqua reblogged this from wildlinging
  3. aristosacchaion reblogged this from maisiewilliams
  4. justintimbertape reblogged this from mrauders
  5. ddayshama reblogged this from tobyfitzos
  6. oifelle reblogged this from michelettos
  7. ohnowhat reblogged this from goldandivory
  8. princessedelamballe reblogged this from goldandivory
  9. queenofoldvalyria reblogged this from goldandivory
  10. majesticthorinss reblogged this from goldandivory
  11. goldandivory reblogged this from michelettos
  12. doctrineofswerves reblogged this from queenrhaenyra
  13. tiberiusfrost reblogged this from eggeggeggeggeggs
  14. malimarie reblogged this from queenrhaenyra
  15. punkpeggy reblogged this from wildlinging
  16. aphroidite reblogged this from coleridges
  17. ofpousseys reblogged this from sortsof
  18. sortsof reblogged this from eggeggeggeggeggs
  19. lorastyrell reblogged this from maisiewilliams
  20. theresacoldwar reblogged this from erikapora
  21. pauldierden reblogged this from serbians
  22. fortunafavorsthebold reblogged this from queenrhaenyra
  23. lieselholmes reblogged this from goldenshroud
  24. pinkmannns reblogged this from sourwolves
  25. erikapora reblogged this from sourwolves
  26. huntinghales reblogged this from sourwolves
  27. enoughtomakemysystemsgo reblogged this from sourwolves
  28. enjoltaire reblogged this from sourwolves